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中国绿色公共就业计划 —— 以消除失业实现国家目的和经济增长 ... ...

2020-8-4 11:20| 发布者: redchina| 查看: 38003| 评论: 1|原作者: 黄逸江

摘要: “中国绿色公共就业计划”是一个由中央政府出资、地方政府落实的公共就业保障政策,主要实现消除失业、实现国家目的、拉动经济等三大目标。增加占GDP 1.58%的财政赤字将足够实施一个完整的中国绿色公共就业计划,从而消除2427万的城镇失业。

5、  财政可行性

作为拥有货币主权的国家,中国中央政府的赤字和国债可持续且必要。结合美国和希腊的经验教训,并通过分析中国的体系收支余额数据,我对中国中央和地方财政提出两点建议:(1)真正具有违约风险的是民间企业债和个人债,而非以本国货币结算的国债。随着中国贸易顺差占GDP比例的降低,中国政府赤字(中央和地方赤字总和)占GDP的比例应相应提高以稳定中国民间企业和个人的收支盈余,从而增强民间企业和个人的偿债能力、减少中国金融系统的结构性风险。(2)作为货币发行者,中国中央政府能够且应该实施 “功能性财政” ,即中央政府的支出和税收应根据宏观经济目标制定,而不是执着于中央财政余额是正或是负。

     6、  计划可实施性

首先,中国绿色公共就业计划应由中央政府出资、地方政府落实。其次,中国绿色公共就业计划的实施应遵循渐进和务实原则,分实验和推广两阶段实施,以增强各级政府和各部委在实施公共就业计划上的协调和组织能力,并推广成功的地方模式。最后,当地社区和各级政府应根据自身需求提出因地制宜的就业类型,且公共就业计划的就业类型应随着中国经济的需求变化而调整。中短期而言,我建议绿色就业、文化传承就业、其它实现国家目的的就业。

综上所述,中国经济和社会亟需能够实施一个完整的“中国绿色公共就业计划”。一个实现了零失业率的绿色中国经济是对中国特色社会主义的极佳诠释,是通过稳定就业从而稳定社会的必要手段,也是实现中华民族伟大复兴的强大助力。

 

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引用 redchina 2020-8-4 11:40
这是作者博士论文中的一章

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